logo

Kampung Agriculture

Gardening Tips

White Bittergourd

  • Light and heat
  • Grows well under hot and humid conditions, and in a warm and sunny location.

  • Soil and water requirements
  • Bittergourds can produce vines about 4m in length. Place a fence or trellis about 1.8m high next to the plant. This prevents fruits from resting on moist soil which will cause rotting. Soil should be kept evenly moist.

  • Harvesting
  • Vines usually begin flowering 5 to 6 weeks after planting, and fruits will mature in about 2 to 3 months. Harvest when fruits show hints of yellow and are about 10 to 15cm long.

  • Contributed by: Adeline Lin
(Back to top)

Durians

  • Light and heat
  • Need abundant sunshine, except for first year when semi-shade is preferred.

  • Soil and water requirements
  • Dig planting holes 0.6m in diameter and depth. Add organic matter or compost of about 5-10 kg to each hole, and about 200g of rock phosphate. Plant the young tree without disturbing the roots. Add rock dust to strengthen the plant and enhance the flavour of the fruits.

  • Harvesting
  • Generally starts bearing at 4 to 6 years after planting in the ground. It may require from about 85 to 150 days for durians to develop after flower pollination.

  • Contributed by: Adeline Lin
(Back to top)

White Eggplants

  • Light and heat
  • Expose to full sun, the more sun the better. Eggplants are sun and heat lovers.

  • Soil and water requirements
  • Keep the soil moist, but not soaking wet. Use mulch, like straw or wood chips to cover the soil and reduce water evaporation.

  • Harvesting
  • Pick when skin is glossy, and before skin turns yellow. Dull skin indicates over-ripeness.

  • Contributed by: Adeline Lin
(Back to top)

Longans

  • Light and heat
  • Need abundant sunshine, except for first year when semi-shade is preferred.

  • Soil and water requirements
  • Soil should be slightly acidic and well-drained. Start them off in a large pot, and plant them in the ground before they start bearing. Apply a layer of mulch to retain soil moisture. Young trees need consistent irrigation as they grow. Organic fertilizer can be applied about 3 to 4 times a year.

  • Harvesting
  • Generally starts bearing at 1 to 2 years after planting. Harvest fruits when they turn light brown. Cut off the entire cluster but do not harvest under-ripe fruits as they will not ripen after picking.

  • Contributed by: Adeline Lin
(Back to top)

Long Beans

  • Light and heat
  • Long beans need full sun to grow well

  • Soil and water requirements
  • Long beans work best in a soil mildly rich in organic matter. Plant them along a fence or give them poles to climb up. Long beans are drought tolerant but should be watered regularly.

  • Harvesting
  • Takes about 10-15 days for the seeds to germinate. The beans grow quickly once they are formed, so harvest while they are still firm, usually between 8 and 12 inches long.

  • Contributed by: Adeline Lin
(Back to top)

Mangoes

  • Light and heat
  • Need abundant sunshine, except for first year when semi-shade is preferred.

  • Soil requirements
  • Soil should be well-drained and slightly acidic. Prior to planting, mix 300g of fertiliser with topsoil. Plant the tree deep enough to allow the root-ball to be covered completely with soil. Fertilize the tree with fertiliser three times per year.

  • Water requirements
  • Water the tree deeply to saturate the long taproot. Allow the top surface of the soil to dry before watering again. Withhold irrigation for two months prior to flowering and then resume once fruits begin to produce.

  • Harvesting
  • Generally starts bearing at 3 to 4 years after planting.

  • Contributed by: Adeline Lin
(Back to top)

Papayas

  • Light and heat
  • Papayas grow best under abundant heat and sunlight.

  • Soil and water requirements
  • Soil should be well-drained and not too wet, as papaya tree roots are shallow and susceptible to root rot. Plant a couple of dozen seeds per plot, and fertilise regularly.

  • Harvesting
  • Seeds take about 2 weeks to germinate, and about 5 or 6 months to flower. Note that only female or bisexual plants bear fruits. Fruits are usually ready to harvest in 10 months.

  • Contributed by: Adeline Lin
(Back to top)

Tangerines

  • Light and heat
  • Place pot in a sunny location, as tangerine plants are dependent on abundant sun.

  • Soil requirements
  • Use soil with neutral pH. Add fertilisers once or twice a year to provide extra nutrients.

  • Water requirements
  • Water daily if you place your tangerine plant outdoors. Keep the soil moist, but not wet.

  • Harvesting
  • Generally takes about 3 to 4 years to bear fruits.

  • Contributed by: Adeline Lin
(Back to top)

Cherry Tomatoes

  • Light and heat
  • Expose to full sun.

  • Soil and water requirements
  • Tomatoes grow well in well-drained, nutrient-rich soil. Add compost or other organic matter to soil prior to planting. Keep soil consistently moist.

  • Harvesting
  • Perfectly ripe tomatoes are deep in color and firm when gently squeezed. Gently grab and twist the tomato until it pulls free from the stem, or use a pair of clippers and cut the stems close to the tomatoes.

  • Contributed by: Adeline Lin
(Back to top)